150 BCE

While papyrus scrolls and cuneiform tablets predated parchment, its creation was arguably far more important in the grand history of writing, as it paved the way to the development of the first book. Papyrus only came in scroll form and was relatively stiff, while parchment — being made from the scraped skins of animals — was smooth, flexible and more resistant to variable environments and atmospheres. This allowed multiple sheets of parchment to be sewn together into larger manuscripts.